According to Confucian philosophy, justice is the “real essence” of a progressive society and sustainable social development. The Chinese model of Internet Courts embodies these ideals and is revolutionizing the traditional legal system by providing quick and cost-effective resolution of disputes between commercial entities. Established in Beijing, Guangzhou, and Hangzhou, these courts handle a wide range of disputes, including intellectual property, e-commerce, financial disputes related to online conduct, and patent registration.
The Internet Courts are a smart court system that allows participants to register their cases online and resolve their disputes via a digital court hearing.
The Beijing Internet Court, established in September 2018, deals with 11 different types of cases. To date, more than 400,000 cases have been received, and over 85% have been resolved, making it the most efficient judicial system in the world. The specialized judges work 24/7 to resolve disputes between parties, and on average, each judge has 1,000 cases, which is commendable. The whole process usually takes 86 days to reach its conclusion, ensuring that justice is provided in a timely manner.
The Internet Court has revolutionized the concept of Legal Artificial Intelligence management systems, providing the cheapest source of justice in the country by removing all barriers of physical, physiological, philosophical, and geographical barriers of the plaintiff. Foreign companies, including Amazon and Apple, have filed online petitions with the Chinese Internet Court, highlighting their confidence in the judicial system of China. The court follows the principle of establishing rules through judges, and the entire process from filing to adjudication is streamlined, providing great convenience to both defendants and plaintiffs. The Beijing Internet Court is open, transparent, and accountable, with all hearings available for live streaming.
In conclusion, China’s Internet Courts have proved to be a successful model for online dispute resolution, providing quick, cost-effective, and transparent justice to litigants. The use of artificial intelligence and blockchain technology has increased the efficiency of the judicial system. The online judicial services developed by China could be expanded worldwide, providing justice to complainants at their doorstep. The Internet Courts of China are a great example that other countries can emulate to revolutionize their judicial systems.